10 main sport supplements for the diet of the athlete | Top Supplements

10 main sport supplements for the diet of the athlete | Top Supplements

Using my 12 years of coaching experience (and 25 years of independent workout experience), I will make you an expert in sports supplements. Lesson one – never use the phrase “sports nutrition.” These are supplements, “additives”, and this word more closely matches the main objective of such products – to close holes in your diet, lack of certain vitamins, microelements, amino acids and others (believe me, everyone has such lacunae). I would conditionally divide consumers of sports supplements into two groups:

  1. You train long and hard (3-4 times a week without passes) for a specific result – for example, you dream to shake a barbell weighing 150 kg or run a marathon 42 km 195 m. You can and should do a lot of what is going on below. I will offer specific sets of sports supplements for solving each problem (see “Recipes”).
  2. Beginners, even if they train hard, for the first six months you should get along with both types of proteins: “fast” before breakfast, “long” for the night. They compensate for the lack of protein that any Russian man has. I would recommend the same diet to those people who go to the gym once a week, “for themselves” (but if you are overweight, first consult with a dietician).

Well, I recommend both categories to take (after consulting with your doctor) cardio and chondroprotectors, regardless of the training program. We now turn to powders and bars. If any product known to you in this material is missing, it means that I consider it unnecessary.

1. Protein

Protein powder
Protein powder

For what: Protein is often drunk right after a workout, saying: “Muscle mass, muscle mass!” But without carbohydrates, which everyone has forgotten, powdered protein is practically useless in the matter of instant muscle building. Use it, just to compensate for the total lack of protein. The body will find where to attach it, for example, make testosterone out of it. Proteins are “fast” and “long.” The first bioavailable and instantly provide your body with energy and building material. The second give the protein gradually, over several hours. It is easy to distinguish them: any whey (whey) is “fast.” Any combination containing casein protein (casein) is “long.”

How to take: “Fast” protein is consumed in the morning (1 portion of minutes for 20 before breakfast) and immediately after training for fat burning. In general, I am a staunch supporter of a predominantly protein breakfast, this allows you to gently raise the level of sugar in the blood after a night’s sleep and further promote metabolism. “Long” drink 30-90 minutes after the last meal, at night, so that the body has proteins at hand, even in sleep.

2. Amino acids

Complex amino acids
Complex amino acids

Why: Strongly doubt that in products with such names there are a lot of amino acids. Rather, it is the usual “fast” protein, only in a convenient packaging. On the road or after a long night in ambush under the nose of the enemy, where you can not get a shaker, this is a good substitute for a protein cocktail.

How to take: In any training mode, except for hypertrophic, – 2-3 tablets 2-3 times a day, as a replacement for protein powders. And in the midst of a long hypertrophic program – 3 tablets twice a day, with food or a gainer, and you will drink protein too.

3. Gainer

Mass gainer
Mass gainer

For what: My favorite product! The combination of easily digestible proteins and carbohydrates contributes not only to a quick weight gain, but also provides energy for a hurricane before a workout, and also significantly speeds up recovery after.

How to take: On training days, 30-45 minutes before training and immediately after. On rest days, 1 serving in the afternoon. In the training mode, endurance can be done three times a day: before and after training, and also at night. And never eat a gainer for breakfast! The mass in this case, you will grow exclusively on the sides.

Worth remembering

No creatine with protein will never correct technical errors and will not help with lack of sleep. In addition, be aware that no supplements can replace a full, regular and healthy diet. And do not forget that even harmless and certified products, if you apply them thoughtlessly and beyond measure, can cause irreparable damage to health. If you suffer from food allergies, metabolic disorders, diabetes, chronic heart disease, kidney, liver or gastrointestinal tract, then before taking any sports nutrition, you should always consult an adequate, qualified doctor.

4. BCAA

BCAA Supplements
BCAA Supplements

For what: VSAA are also amino acids, but only three: isoleucine, leucine and valine. According to a number of studies, they are the most in skeletal muscles. I use BCAAs (and I advise you to do the same) in order to lose much less muscle in a “fat burning” period or a period aimed at developing endurance.

How to take: When you train – 5 capsules before and immediately after exercise. On rest days, take 2 capsules along with regular meals.

5. L-carnitine

L-carnitine
L-carnitine

What for: Carnitine makes it easier for your body to access fat reserves. Not ready to argue that L-carnitine helps to lose weight, but it really increases stamina and has a beneficial effect on the health of the cardiovascular system.

How to take: 1 tablet 2 times a day with food, when you train endurance or strength. And for any type of training, if you feel that your heart is under heavy loads (for example, on a hot summer day).

6. Creatine

Creatine powder
Creatine powder

What for: Creatine is a precursor of creatine phosphate (CF) – one of the main sources of energy for muscle work. KF provides exclusively short-term power character of work (the first 3-5 repetitions in the bench press, for example). It is considered that taking creatine supplements allows you to increase strength. For some, this is true, but this additive has no effect on the organisms of others. Try it – suddenly this food is in you.

How to take: 2-3 g once a day, you can, together with a gainer. Just be sure to drink at least three glasses of plain water. Creatine has an unpleasant ability to absorb fluid, which can lead to spasms, bloating of the intestines and even injuries to the connective tissue, for which normal water saturation is extremely important.

7. Glutamine

Glutamine powder
Glutamine powder

What for: With high physical exertion, the reserves of glutamine in the body are depleted, and this negatively affects the immune system and reduces the regenerative ability. Therefore, if you have more than 5 training hours per week, you should use this supplement.

How to take: According to the dose 2 times a day, in the morning and in the evening 15 minutes before a meal – and you will recover normally, it is easier to endure the load and get less pain.

8. Sports drinks

Sports drinks
Sports drinks

What for: Another my favorite product! High-quality energetic simultaneously whips up your mood, sports enthusiasm and healthy aggression. During strength training, such a product is of paramount importance. Just keep in mind – this is a special sports energy, which are sold in special shops of sports nutrition! They have almost no sugar, but there are substances that support the health of the cardiovascular system. They have little in common with energy drinks from the supermarket.

How to take: Only half of a small bottle, drunk 30-45 minutes before a workout – and you are ready to break any records! However, I do not recommend drinking energy before each workout (maximum 1-2 times a week), and in no case drink more than one piece a day.

What do the powders interfere with?

Proteins and gainers can be mixed with ordinary non-mineral and non-carbonated water, freshly squeezed or packaged juice, as well as milk. For a gainer, the best option is water, in combination with juice or milk, the amount of carbohydrates and calories in the mix will go off scale. Protein powder will tolerate any liquid from the above, except that the milk should pick the least fat. By the way, if your gut milk does not tolerate, you can safely interfere with the protein on … kefir. But all the other powders, especially creatine, can be mixed only with water, and they should be drunk immediately – the additives in liquid form are the least chemically stable.

9. Testosterone boosters

Testosterone boosters
Testosterone boosters

For what. For additives that increase the level of testosterone, the attitude of doctors and ordinary people, as a rule, is very negative. Obviously, because they are confused with hormone doping. However, boosters do not inflate you with extra hormones, but only gently increase the secretion of internal, own testosterone. From the point of view of physiology, this means “to look younger” for several years, especially if you are over thirty. If you are 17-22 years old and you are healthy, you can safely do without this supplement – hormones in you and so in bulk!

How to take: The most beneficial quality of testosterone boosters is their stimulating effect on glucose metabolism. Therefore, in my opinion, it is most reasonable to use them when you are trying to get rid of excess fat. 2 capsules 2 times a day with meals.

10. Protein Bars

Protein Bar
Protein Bar

Why: Perhaps the most convenient source of protein and? Carbohydrates: do not need to interfere or drink – ripped the packaging and eat for health! Use to suppress hunger between meals.

How to use. A pair of quality bars consistently discourage interest in food for exactly 3 hours, even in such an eternally hungry swallow as I am. But the daily rate, according to my observations, is no more than 2-3 bars. If you exceed the dose, problems with appetite may begin!

There are also a number of sports supplements and near-medical means that can be used in your diet, regardless of the goals that you pursue at a certain point in time.

Cardioprotectors. They should be taken before workouts during the hot season and during periods of endurance training. These include the above-described L-carnitine, as well as drugs containing potassium and magnesium – the substances responsible for the smooth functioning of the heart. For example, asparaginate potassium and magnesium.

Vitamins and minerals. With the opinion that exists among athletes and a number of trainers, I do not agree on the need to take higher doses of vitamins. Therefore, as a trainer, I prefer trivial pharmaceutical multivitamins in the normal dosage. As a rule, it is one portion immediately after breakfast. For taking additional, supposedly beneficial to an athlete / pumping vitamins – C, E and B separately – I? M not pleasing. Multivitamin more than enough!

Chondroprotectors. American coaches have a good saying: “If you don’t play sports, you’ll go to a cardiologist. You will play sports and you will go to an orthopedist! ”So that the last part of this wonderful phrase doesn’t touch you, take chondroprotectors regularly – additives that facilitate the regeneration of cartilage tissue and the restoration of the ligamentous apparatus as a whole. Even if you rarely go to the gym or not at all, chondroprotectors should be drunk to prevent diseases of the musculoskeletal system. How often? This information should be in the instructions for use.

12 best amino acids | Top supplements for athletes

12 best amino acids | Top supplements for athletes

Amino acids molecules that are not chemically bound to others are called free amino acids. Their main advantage is the lack of energy-intensive splitting process. Once in the stomach, they are not subjected to digestion, but immediately enter the blood, that is, instantly absorbed. Choosing the right drug is not a simple matter. Beginners and at all difficult to determine the variety of brands represented. The article tells about the main characteristics that should be considered when buying, as well as give a rating review.

After a thorough analysis of user reviews and expert opinions, shoulders-broad.com experts prepared a rating of the 12 best amino acids.

What to look for when choosing an amino acid

  • Personal needs. Proceed from the task for which you need an amino acid. If you need a product for muscle recovery and accelerating growth, then pay attention to amino acid complexes and mixtures. If it is necessary to increase the concentration of any specific substances in the body, then stop the selection on the selected amino acids or start taking these drugs with an additional complex.
  • The form. It should be remembered that hydrolyzed amino acids contain many elements in the chain. For the assimilation process, the chemical bonds that exist between them must be destroyed. Such amino acids are assimilated much slower than free ones.
  • Form release. Manufacturers produce amino acids of different forms. Capsules have a gelatinous shell. Due to this, preparations have stability and rapid digestibility. Tablets are also widely distributed and available. The absorption is a bit slower than in the case of capsules, but the difference is not critical. Powders are most often isolated form, therefore, suitable for increasing the concentration of a particular substance, such as glutamine. Take such amino acids with caution, since they may be unstable, it all depends on the individual characteristics of the organism. Liquid – this is a relatively recent form, the release of which has been adjusted in recent years. They are considered the fastest on digestibility, so it is preferable to purchase just such drugs.
  • The structure of molecules. Amino acids are represented in the form of L (left) and D (right). This value speaks of the molecular structure in space. The vast majority of plant and animal proteins that exist in nature are represented by the left form. This suggests that only they are able to maintain the body’s metabolism. For sportpit should choose only the L-form.
  • Price. Amino acids are complex drugs, so the purchase should be taken seriously. Incorrectly selected can cause health damage. Cheap amino acid can not be, so do not save on the purchase.
  • Manufacturer. Buy drugs only from proven companies that have proven themselves in the market, are trusted by users and in demand.

Top amino acids for muscle growth

 Номинация
Place

Name/brand

Price ($)
Top amino acids for muscle growth      1 Amino Gold (Ultimate Nutrition)          22
     2 Essential Amino Energy (Optimum Nutrition)          15
     3 Amino Power Liquid (Weider)          26,5
     4 Amino Liquid 50 Scitec Nutrition          21,5
     5 BCAA Weider Premium BCAA Powder          35
     6 Prime Kraft Amino Power          20
     7 Optimum Nutrition Amino Energy          15
     8 Ultra-Pure Amino          12
     9 Anabolic Amino          32
     10 Weider PURE Amino EGG          30
     11 AminoMax 8000 Gaspari Nutrition          62
     12 SciVation Xtend          31


Amino Gold (Ultimate Nutrition)

Rating: 4.9

Amino Gold (Ultimate Nutrition)
Amino Gold (Ultimate Nutrition)

The amino acid complex in the form of convenient chewable tablets is in the first place in the ranking. The product will interest those who are tired of taking massive pills, because not everyone can easily swallow them. The drug contains natural amino acids, which were obtained from pure whey protein. Ingredients: serum lactoperoxidases, lactoferrin, albumin, as well as beta-lactoglobulin, glycomacropeptides, immunoglobulin, proteose peptones, alpha-lactalbumin. High quality due to processing at low temperatures, during which there is isolation of amino acids using special micro and ultrafiltration.

Advantages

  • free amino acids;
  • fast digestibility without digestion in the gastrointestinal tract;
  • provides accelerated growth and recovery of muscle;
  • acceptable cost – 1150 r for 250 tab.

Disadvantages

  • not found.

Essential Amino Energy (Optimum Nutrition)

Rating: 4.8

Essential Amino Energy (Optimum Nutrition)
Essential Amino Energy (Optimum Nutrition)

The second line goes to the complex of essential amino acids with nitric oxide activators. The supplement combines natural antidepressants, fast-absorbing amino acids and NO boosters. Due to this rich component composition, endurance is significantly improved, and muscle mass accelerates growth and recovery. Taking the drug, as users note, allows for more intense and fruitful sports training. This happens due to the content of beta-alanine. The composition also contains arginine and the amino acid BCAA, which contributes to the effective building up of muscle mass. Support for the body is constantly: before workouts, during and after.

Advantages

  • free amino acids;
  • rapid absorption;
  • in one portion up to 5 g of amino acids;
  • 10 kcal per serving;
  • does not contain sugar;
  • has a rich fruit flavor;
  • dissolves quickly and mixes easily.

Disadvantages

  • not found.

Amino Power Liquid (Weider)

Rating: 4.8

Amino Power Liquid (Weider)
Amino Power Liquid (Weider)

The third position receives a liquid complex of amino acids. Due to the fact that the form is hydrolyzed, the absorption is carried out a little slower. Despite this, the drug effectively counteracts muscle damage that occurs during heavy physical exercise, and also speeds up recovery after exercise. The composition contains vitamin B6 and L-leucine. Combined, these components synthesize protein, providing support to build muscle. The formula includes potassium sorbate, glycine, sodium cyclomate, hydrolyzed whey and collagen protein, acesulfame potassium, fructose, citric acid and water.

Advantages

  • in one portion (15 ml) – up to 40 kcal;
  • does not contain sugar;
  • 4 flavors to choose from (cola, energy, mandarin, cranberry);
  • acceptable cost.

Disadvantages

  • hydrolyzed amino acid.

Amino Liquid 50 Scitec Nutrition

Rating: 4.7

Amino Liquid 50 Scitec Nutrition
Amino Liquid 50 Scitec Nutrition

The fourth is another liquid amino acid complex. Like the previous one, it includes collagen hydrolyzate, so absorption is slower than when taking free amino acids. One portion of the drug contains up to 8 g of amino acids, which restore and maintain muscle, even with a strict diet. If nutrition is chosen correctly, while observing the right amount of proteins, the complex will help speed muscle growth. Comes with a measuring cup, with which you can simply divide the liquid into the desired portions.

Advantages

  • helps to increase nitrogen retention;
  • increases endurance;
  • energizes;
  • slows the aging process;
  • reduces joint pain;
  • strengthens the musculoskeletal system;
  • improves the condition of nails, skin and hair;
  • pleasant taste;
  • acceptable cost.

Disadvantages

  • not found.

BCAA Weider Premium BCAA Powder

Rating: 4.6

BCAA Weider Premium BCAA Powder
BCAA Weider Premium BCAA Powder

The fifth line is occupied by an amino acid complex in powder. Free amino acids provide effective muscle building. The body instantly absorbs L-valine, L-leucine and L-isoleucine, contained in high dosage. BCAA amino acids, as proved by scientists, faster than others are converted into energy. One portion of the drug (1 tbsp. L) includes up to 6 g of BCAA amino acids and 1500 mg of L-glutamine. It is recommended to take the complex before training to increase stamina.

Advantages

  • free amino acids;
  • makes it easy to cope with heavy physical exertion;
  • it is easily stirred and quickly dissolved;
  • can be taken pure or added to other drinks;
  • 2 flavors to choose from (coconut and cherry).

Disadvantages

  • relatively expensive.

Prime Kraft Amino Power

Rating: 4.6

Prime Kraft Amino Power
Prime Kraft Amino Power

In the sixth place ranking amino acid powder cocktail. The manufacturer positions the product as a pre-workout. The drug does not include potent components, which guarantees a good result with maximum safety. There is nothing superfluous, only 4 necessary supplements. One serving (15 g) contains up to 2 g of creatine, 4 g of arginine, the same amount of BCCA amino acids and beta-alanine. Includes L-valine, L-leucine and L-isoleucine, creatine monohydrate, sucralose, malic acid, flavoring and natural coloring. According to users, the complex is spent economically. When playing sports 2-3 times a week it will be enough for almost three months.

Advantages

  • increases endurance;
  • increases strength;
  • accelerates muscle mass gain;
  • prevention of muscle damage;
  • 2 tastes to choose from (watermelon and fruit and berry);
  • acceptable cost.

Disadvantages

  • not found.

Optimum Nutrition Amino Energy

Rating: 4.5

Optimum Nutrition Amino Energy
Optimum Nutrition Amino Energy

The seventh position goes to the powder amino acid complex containing the optimal composition of components for muscle development. It includes fast-assimilating free amino acids, including BCAA, which are important for building muscles, natural beta-alanine, as well as arginine, which helps in filling muscle tissue with oxygen. The drug improves mental concentration, increases stamina and restores muscles, and also increases the effectiveness of training and performance. The complex can take athletes and athletes, regardless of their goals. The additive is suitable for the period of weight gain and drying. One serving contains 10 kcal, up to 5 g of protein and up to 2 g of carbohydrates.

Advantages

  • admission is allowed at any, even a strict diet;
  • has no restrictions;
  • economical consumption;
  • volume selection – 270 and 585 g.

Disadvantages

  • contains a dye;
  • relatively expensive.

Ultra-Pure Amino

Rating: 4.5

Ultra-Pure Amino
Ultra-Pure Amino

On the eighth line is a liquid amino acid complex. Contains a large dose of rapidly digestible amino peptides, includes BCAA. Components entering the body nourish muscle tissue and contribute to the rapid construction of muscles. The liquid form of the drug provides a quick supply of nutrients. One serving (4 tbsp, about 59 ml) contains up to 5 g of carbohydrates and sugar, up to 22 g of protein, 85 g of sodium. Caloric content of the drug is high, about 110 kcal. This is not suitable for all users, so you should carefully assess the needs of the organism and its condition. For cutting, the complex is not recommended, but for a set of muscle mass completely.

Advantages

  • increases endurance;
  • energizes;
  • without fat;
  • pleasant taste of fruit punch;
  • instantly absorbed;
  • dissolves quickly in liquids;
  • acceptable cost.

Disadvantages

  • do not mix with food;
  • includes sugar.

Anabolic amino

Rating: 4.5

Anabolic amino
Anabolic amino

The ninth is the amino acid complex with the hydrolyzate of animal proteins (egg and whey). This combination has not previously been encountered in this kind of supplements. The drug increases the concentration of amino acids several times, for example, it increases the content of glycine six times, L-arginine and L-proline twice, and L-alonine one and a half times. Glycine participates in the transmission of impulses of the central nervous system and is the basis for the synthesis of nucleic acids. The complex protects the muscles from damage during workouts and quickly replenishes the energy reserves that have been squandered.

Advantages

  • increases the synthesis of nitric oxide;
  • improves blood circulation in the muscles;
  • increases the supply of muscles with nutrients;
  • stimulates the production of growth hormone;
  • helps to recover from workouts.

Disadvantages

  • hydrolyzed amino acid;
  • relatively expensive.

Weider PURE Amino EGG

Rating: 4.5

Weider PURE Amino EGG
Weider PURE Amino EGG

The tenth line gets the amino acid complex containing egg albumin and BCAA. Components play a key role in building muscle and building muscle. Use the drug should be with constant physical exertion and diet, especially professional athletes. The additive contributes to accelerated recovery and increased energy production.

Advantages

  • speeds up the metabolism;
  • promotes fat burning;
  • maintains a positive nitrogen balance;
  • increases endurance;
  • acceptable cost – 1500 p for 300 tab.

Disadvantages

  • not found.

AminoMax 8000 Gaspari Nutrition

Rating: 4.4

AminoMax 8000 Gaspari Nutrition
AminoMax 8000 Gaspari Nutrition

At the eleventh place is a complex of amino acids with a unique composition. Whey protein is represented by isolate, concentrate, and casein. Includes amino acids: alanine, cystine, glutamic acid, arginine, glycine, aspartic acid, lysine, cystine, taurine, methionine, isoleucine, serine, tyrosine, histidine, tryptophan, proline, phenylalanine, valine, threonine. In one portion (4 tab.) Contains up to 8 g of protein and 32 kcal. The complex provides a clearly traced relief, promotes the burning of subcutaneous fat. Contains no sweeteners, flavors or colorants. Improves the effect of other sports supplements, which are taken together with the complex.

Advantages

  • speeds up the recovery process;
  • protects muscles from damage during workouts;
  • increases endurance and strength;
  • can be combined with taking other sports supplements;
  • acceptable cost.

Disadvantages

  • not found.

SciVation Xtend

Rating: 4.4

SciVation Xtend
SciVation Xtend

The 3-in-1 amino acid complex completes the rating. Like many analogues, it contains BCAA, as well as pyridoxine, glutamine and citrulline. The drug increases the production of growth hormone, increases the rate of protein synthesis, enhances the effect of the components that work mutually. It belongs to the posttraining complexes, because it effectively restores muscle tissue and replenishes energy reserves. Valine, isoleucine and leucine are contained in the ratio 1: 1: 2. It also includes glutamine, which, like other components, carries a great biological value to the body of professional athletes.

Advantages

  • free amino acid;
  • increases endurance;
  • speeds up recovery processes;
  • reduces cortisol in the blood;
  • provides muscle growth and increases ATP production;
  • improves immunity and improves digestive processes;
  • reduces the content of insulin and glucose in the blood;

Disadvantages

  • high cost.

Attention! This rating is subjective, is not advertising and does not serve as a guide to purchase. Before buying, you should consult with a specialist.